Research paper and its structure

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Research paper consists of 3 main parts:

The work ends with a list of references and applications.

1. The introduction is the most important part of scientific work because here all the main points of your research are summarized, which you will substantiate in the main part. The introduction reflects the result of your work at the preparatory stage.

Introduction begins

from the justification of the choice of the research topic or the relevance of the chosen topic, which should occupy approximately 8-10% of the Introduction.

This should be followed by a degree of scientific elaboration of the problem. Here you have to demonstrate your level of knowledge of the material by listing known works of past and contemporary authors on this topic, assess the state of scientific knowledge in relation to the problem under investigation at a given point in time.

Of course, a student engaged in research and development activities does not always have the degree of awareness and scientific competence that would allow him to conduct truly innovative research. This should not be an obstacle to scientific research. The degree of development for a novice researcher is an opportunity to demonstrate his erudition and awareness, to create a basis for his scientific research, to make it a particular manifestation of the general scientific trend. Even if in practice it turns out that science has already fled far ahead, the value of your research will not be any lower. Firstly, because it will be your independent research (and the independence of your results will manifest itself against the background of the sources you analyzed), and secondly, it is quite possible that your “fresh” view of the problem that is not burdened by the existing standards of perception, will help you find her unexpected solution.

After consideration of the degree of scientific elaboration of the problem, the purpose and objectives of the study are formulated.

A goal is an image of an ideal result, the expected outcome of your research. The goal should be clearly and articulated, its wording should reflect as much as possible the general direction of your work. The purpose of the study, as a rule, contains the statements of the problem and the hypotheses of your work.

Tasks are “intermediate points” on the way to the goal. This is a listing of what needs to be done to achieve the desired result. The enumeration of tasks sets the plan and the internal logic of the text of your work.